Earth MotherFebruary 10, 2021
The worship of Mother Earth and Mother Goddess dates back to prehistoric times and has been widespread in most ancient societies around the world. There is ample evidence in human history to suggest that we have always believed in living in harmony with nature and have in fact worshipped “nature” and “land” in our maternal form.
Mother Earth: The Rebirth of the Mother Goddess phenomenon
In the Christian era, the ancient tradition of worshiping “Earth as a Mother” or “Mother Goddess” was largely suppressed, and it was not until the 18th century that open references to the Female Land as this Mother Goddess were made again. In the 19th century, the cult of “Mother Goddess and Mother of the Earth” was revived everywhere. In addition, it was a time when discoveries were made around the world by indigenous tribes and indigenous peoples who for millennia worshipped the “land” as a female deity. In fact, it was discovered that these societies practiced a matriarchal form of social organization in which the power of the family or tribe was in the hands of women. In these matriarchal societies, the worship of the “supreme earthly female deity” was a spiritual and cultural practice of paramount importance. These societies existed in perfect balance with nature and believed in the philosophy of peaceful coexistence with other manifestations of nature. The research of these indigenous peoples and primitive tribes gives us an idea of the cycle of human evolution. It is now believed that societies at the dawn of human evolution were mostly matriarchal in nature. Various discoveries of the Paleolithic statues of Venus show that the first human societies were indeed matriarchal in nature. These ancient societies followed the cult of the goddess and worshipped the supreme female deity in the form of the goddess of the earth or the goddess-mother. Thus, we can clearly state that the cult of the Supreme female deity in the form of the Goddess of the Earth or the Mother Goddess is a prehistoric phenomenon dating back to the Stone Age.
In addition, archaeological excavations also indicate that the supreme female deity in the form of the goddess of the earth or the goddess-mother was worshipped as a sign of fertility and creativity with a great ability to reproduce. This can be seen with an emphasis on the Venus vulva statue, which has been found to be marked with a red ohra pigment denoting the life cycle. In this form, Mother Earth or Mother Goddess serves as the common god of fertility, representing the rich embodiment of the earth.
Vivid images of “land as mothers” can be seen in indigenous tribes and indigenous peoples such as the Aztecs. Some of these important images are mentioned below.
Earth Dam: Espapalotl
Ipupalotl is a goddess who is considered the dark aspect of the mother figure of the Earth and the patron saint of warriors. It is believed that the Aztecs worshipped the goddess Zzpapalot and called for numerous expeditions to the territory. She is depicted as a mixture of butterfly and game. She has eagle claws and fangs. Shown as she grabs the sky with claws. She was worshipped before Tenochtitlan, and she was considered the outstanding Aztec god of war.
Mother of the Earth: The Deity of Huaxtek
This goddess is very similar to Itzupalotl, the Aztec warrior goddess. She wears a cone-shaped headpiece and hook earrings, common to huaxtex figures, and many of her features belong to the Gulf of Mexico.
Mother of the Earth: Coatlicue
The goddess is called “Coatlicue” because she wears a snake skirt. The Aztecs recognized her as the snake form of Mother Earth and the mother of their patron god Huitzilopochtli, the god of war who brought the Aztecs to the island of Lake Tescoco, from where they built their empire. It is believed that the goddess Coatlicue is worshipped as the goddess of creation, and her intimidating form, The Skeleton Coatlicue, is the goddess of destruction. In these images, the Aztecs recognized the true cycle of nature, which included both creative and destructive forces.
Mother Earth: Skeleton Shell
As discussed above, the skeletal shell is the most dangerous form of coatlicue. She is a goddess depicted as the goddess of death, and she holds a skirt laden with snakes that denote Coatlicue. She has a deadly look, and in her image she looks intimidating.
Earth Dam: Cihuacoatl
The goddess Chihuacoatl is presented as a “snake woman” in a mantle that rises to a curved hood. In her left hand she holds a rattle, and in the right hand – a snake. Each image in the form of a snake in many ways had a special meaning. The serpentine form refers to the higher being over mortals with the enormous creative and destructive forces of nature, and therefore the goddess Chihuacoatl would be placed very highly in the hierarchical order of the deities. Moreover, Chihuacoatl was not only the name of the goddess, but also the title of one of the highest priests in the Aztec hierarchy.
Mother of the Earth: The Aztec stele Chihuacoatl
The goddess in this form is a feathered snake, and it is in the form of the Aztec stele Cihuacoatl is the Aztec form of the snake goddess Cihuacoatl. The human face of the goddess has snake mouths and is surrounded by long descending feathers of ketzal. She was one of the most prominent goddesses to be worshipped because she brought good luck and good luck. In fact, no other goddess has accepted as many Aztec sacrifices as the goddess Chihuacoatl Stela.
Mother of the Earth: Lord / Lord of the Earth
The Lord of the Earth, or Tlalteuktli, is very closely associated with Coatlicue. This is one of many cases where the boundaries between a man and a woman have been deliberately blurred, and although the term teuctli usually refers to ‘Lord’, it was considered neutral and similarly applied to women. A Tlalteuktli image on the stele shows him descending into the ground. Many Aztec sculptures below depict the face of God facing the earth, and this was considered a respectful reverence for the gods.
Mother of the Earth: Earth’s Beast
It’s more of an animal image of the Earth than a huge monster-eater. The earth was seen as a random eater, consuming life to restore it. Open jaws pass through the upper part of the room, although the eyes are on one side of the head. These perceptions and many of their types show that ancient tribes and societies have never separated good from evil, as the dualism of modern religions shows. These ancient cultures believed that nature, like humans, includes both the creator and the destroyer.
Mother Earth: the Greek and Roman period and the phenomenon of the true goddess-mother
The true concept of “mother of the earth,” “mother goddess” or “great goddess” comes mainly from the Greeks dating back to the 7th century BC. The Greeks worshipped the goddess with deep breasts “Land of Gay”, which was considered “a permanent place of all things forever” and which, coming out of chaos, led to the creation of a universe consisting of the Earth and its various manifestations. According to theological scriptures, in the name of this great goddess in ancient Greece was erected many shrines. One such sanctuary was “Land as a nurse” at the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. After the Greeks, the Romans later worshipped the great goddess-mother of Gaye as Tellu, or Terra Mater, whom they called the “Great Mother.” The cult of the Great Mother, named Magna Mater, later identified with the goddess-mother Kibela, and the Greeks – with Rheya, was later established in Rome in the 3rd century BC.
To understand and explore the beliefs of “Earth as a Mother” and “Mother Goddess,” we need to look at the following topics in detail.
- Paleolithic figures
- Neolithic figures
- Examples of mother goddesses in various traditions, including Egyptian, Sumerian, Mesopotamian, Greek-Celtic, German, Turkish, Siberian, Greek and Roman traditions.
Hinduism and Schactism
- Christianity and the mother goddess
- Neo-paganism and the goddess-mother
- Mother Earth
- Earth as a fictional mother.