Earth GoddessFebruary 10, 2021
The history of worship of the “goddess of the earth” and related mythology can be seen in many forms in many ancient tribes and societies. Some examples were the Aztecs who worshipped the goddess Tlalteuktli, the Greeks who worshipped the goddess Demeter, and the ancient tribes in northern Germany that worshipped the German tribal goddess Erte. These are just a few examples worth cited, but worshipping the goddess of the earth has been an important phenomenon in most ancient societies. These societies firmly believed in the universal truth of the supreme power of nature. They respected Mother Nature and believed in the principle of living in harmony with nature. Another aspect of the goddess’s worship was manifested in the form of the phenomenon of the “triple goddess”, which has again become a widespread belief throughout the world and even today is evident in various forms in many societies. The triple goddess represents the female power behind nature and life.
Goddess of the Earth: Indian Aztec Legends
Aztec Indian legends talk about the creation of the land by the goddess of the land Tlalteuktli. According to legends, the creative force representing the light and dark aspects of creation causes the goddess Tlalteuktli to fall from above, and her half with a shoulder becomes the Earth. In addition, he is credited with the creative power of everything on earth. Trees, flowers and grass appear from her hair; made of leather – very small grass and small flowers; from his eyes — wells, fountains and small caves; of its mouth, rivers and large caves; from his nose valleys and mountains; on his shoulders of the mountain. She is a goddess who also demands sacrifices in the form of a human heart for all her creative efforts. She cries at night when she does not receive her traditional offerings, and does not bear fruit until her requests are fulfilled.
Goddess of the Earth: Demeter, the outstanding Greek goddess of the earth.
The goddess of the earth in Greek is called Demeter. She is the goddess of planned society, and she is also called the goddess of fertility. It is also associated with other important Greek goddesses of fertility, namely Rheya and Gaia.
She is Persephone’s mother, and when Persephone was kidnapped by the lord of the underworld, “Aydom”, Demeter wandered in search of Persephone. It was a time when the earth became barren and stopped producing grain. Although Persephone was later reunited with her mother, Demeter, she spent a third of a year in the underworld with her husband, Ayd. The rest of the time Persephone returns and reunites with his mother Demeter. During the unification Demeter makes things grow, and this is identified with the summer season. Thus, the death and flourishing of nature are associated with the goddess Demeter. In addition, Demeter is a goddess who has taught humanity the art of sowing and plowing the earth to grow grain. By this Demeter laid the foundation of the society conceived for mankind, instead of the nomadic existence that they led until then. She was also worshipped as a supportive goddess of marriage and in honor of Demeter as the goddess of marriage, the women of Athens and other centers of Greece celebrated the holiday of Fesmophoria. In ancient art, Demeter was often depicted sitting in the form of a solemn woman, often with a wreath of braided corn cobs. The statue that Knidos made in the middle of the fourth century BC is well known. Its usual symbolic attributes are the Fruits of the Earth and the Torch, the latter of which is believed to be related to his search for Persephone. His sacred animals were snakes, an earthly being, and a pig, another symbol of fertility. The Romans likened her to the goddess Ceres.
Goddess of the Earth: Erta, the German goddess of the earth
In the spirit of the goddess of the land of other societies, tribes and sects, the North German tribes worshipped Erte, the German goddess of the land. These tribes came together at certain times of the year to celebrate and worship Erte or Mother Earth. It was believed that at this time of year the goddess would visit the mortal world of their various peoples on her chariot. The pristine sacred grove in the sands of the ocean was ready for his visits, and the priest would place a visiting goddess. The priest waited near the chariot, and the goddess rested quietly in the groove. From there the goddess traveled and visited all the places where she was worshipped and worshipped.
Goddess of the Earth: Triple Goddess
The worship of the triple goddess has been seen in many societies from ancient times to the present day. Several cultural myths around the world glorify the existence of the triple goddess. Examples of the triple goddess are the three Nordic norms, moriah and erinya from Greek mythology, the goddess of sovereignty from Irish myth, namely Bandha, Erium and Fodha, the great goddess of Hinduism Mahadevi and her three manifestations of Saraswati, Lakshmi and Kali. . Another striking example is the three goddesses of modern paganism, corresponding to three of the four phases of the moon, namely the young goddess Virgo or Virgo, representing the crescent moon, the goddess-mother – the full moon and the old woman or witch representing the sunset. . phase of the moon. The Greek goddess Artemis is often called a virgin hunter associated with the crescent moon and ruling above the ground. Selena is the maternal aspect of the goddess associated with the full moon and the ruling heavens. Finally, the complete trinity of Hekata, The Old Lady, is connected with the descending and dark moon and rules the underworld.
It is interesting to note that when these “three Greek goddesses” are mentioned in this way, they are considered not only the goddess of the moon, but also the rulers of the three worlds – heaven, earth and the underworld. This aspect of the image of the heavens, earth and the underworld is also visible in the representation of Diana, the Moon and Persephone. In modern paganism, one of the reasons for the potential popularity of the triple goddess is that it represents all aspects of the female life cycle. The triple goddess is often represented by a sexual, fertile and mother. The problem with the dominant Western thought is the separation of the sexual aspect and the role of the mother. This can be seen in the nearest western equivalent of the goddess – the Virgin Mary Catholic Church. This leads to a lot of confusion because the natural process of sexuality and fertility is disconnected from the process of motherhood. This type of denigration of vital forces and suppression of sexuality and fertility can be physically and psychologically harmful for both women and men.
Goddess of the Earth: the “virgin aspect” of the triple goddess.